Communism Essay – Political Science Paper
“Communism is the doctrine of the conditions of the liberation of the proletariat.” Fredrick Engers seeks to explain how communism is the solution to free the proletariat in his book call The Principles of Communism. Beginning in the last half of the eighteenth century when England was in the middle of an industrial revolution, proletariats have been deprived of their independence. A proletariat is a person of the class which lives entirely from the sale of its own labor. They are poor and propertyless and are forced to work under harsh working conditions for a class of big capitalists called bourgeoisie.
Fredrick Engers states that if competition is abolished, there is no privately owned property, money is centralized, and there is an equal obligation for all citizens, the proletariat will be lead to victory and liberation.
One of the key aspects of communism is the abolition of competition. The central power must take control of all production and industry because all branches of business compete with each other. When these businesses compete, they push the proletariats to work harder and faster so that they can produce more and gain more income than other businesses. The proletariat class grows larger and the majority of the population suffers. Soon, the middle class of specialized handicraftsmen is gone. If there are no competing business owners then there will be no strict owners who need the proletariats, which will therefore lead to freedom of the hardworking bottom class.
Communism’s most significant characteristic is the abolition of private property. Engers thinks that we should practice the communal ownership of goods. The management of large corporations comes with the idea of private property. The bourgeoisie own the factories and hire large amounts of proletariats. If proletariats are to be liberated there must be no bourgeoisie who can own their own private property.
The centralization of money and all credit is another important factor of communism. The money must be kept in a national bank at the hands of the bank. The same amount of money will go to each person so that nobody is richer or in a higher class. There will be nobody with more power who can tell others what to do. The centralization of money and credit will ultimately lead to the liquidation of the bourgeoisie and proletariat classes because nobody will have more money or power over anyone.
Communism can only work if there is an equal obligation on all members of society. Every person must work and do the job that they are assigned. From the work they do, they will earn the money and property that they need. If everyone is expected to work under the same conditions with no strict managers, the proletariats will be freed from their lives of being poor and weakened by the bourgeoisie.
In conclusion, Fredrick Engers was right when he stated that “communism of the doctrine of conditions of the liberation of the proletariat.” Today, the problem between the bourgeoisie and the proletariat is growing larger. If society rids itself of competition, abolishes private property, puts all money and credit into a national bank, and creates an obligation to work for all members of society then the proletariat will be liberated. Ultimately, if countries today begin to move into communist societies, the proletariat class will soon disappear.