Critical Thinking Short Paper Charlotte Petrovich PSY 370 Professor Malphus December 14, 2008 Every once in a while a class has the opportunity of going on a field trip. A field trip’s purpose is to expand learning that the students are already learning about. A teacher can expand on what the students saw by incorporating new learning into current lesson plans. Upon returning from a field trip, students are usually excited about what has transpired during the trip. Having the students complete a paper, right after returning if time permits, explaining what they thought to be interesting will give them something constructive to do. Also letting the students pick the topic of what they are interested in, will give them an opportunity to explain about something that they paid attention to.
Nature Of Logic And Perception Critical thinking is the ability to be in control of one’s thinking. It includes the ability to knowingly examine the elements of one’s reasoning, or that of another, and evaluate that reasoning against common or universal intellectual standards - clarity, accuracy, precision, relevance, depth, breadth, and logic. It also involves the structured examination of sources of information to determine his validity. Logic is emphasized by the critical thinking process as it requires questioning of assumptions and therefore it can challenge our normal biases and prejudices, and often change our thoughts about something that we originally perceived to be one what but actually turned out completely different. When trying to understand the nature of logic as it relates to the critical thinking process it seems that your first goal should be to find the truth. Some truths are obvious, and other are difficult to acquire. Some judgments we make are simple; some judgments are complicated. Some arguments, whether made by us or others, may be straightforward and easily understood; other arguments may be complex and consist of a series of smaller arguments, each needing to be critically examined and evaluated. Critical thinking involves knowledge of the science of logic, including the skills of logical analysis, correct reasoning and also an understanding of statistical methods. Critical thinking however involves more than just an understanding of logical procedures in our thought processes. A good critical thinker must also understand the source and nature of knowledge and the nature of truth.
Historical Development of Continental Philosophy’s Existentialism and Phenomenology By Michael P Boyer Axia College of University of Phoenix Online To describe the historical development of Continental philosophy’s existentialism and phenomenology as a response to Hegelian idealism one must first define Hegelian idealism. Hegel thought that “…what is most real—the Absolute—is thought thinking of itself.”(Moore-Bruder, 2005 P. 143) He also thought that it was not an independent group of ideas, but that all the ideas were interconnected. He would propose a thesis, then an antithesis, and together they would form the synthesis. Meaning the thesis and antithesis were the foundation for the synthesis, which would become a new thesis and antithesis forming a new synthesis until the synthesis reached the apex. Hegel thought the highest triad was the “synthesis of ‘Idea’ and ‘Nature’ in ‘Spirit’.”(Moore-Bruder, 2005 P. 145) Idea meaning self conscious thought, Nature meaning the external expression of Idea, and Spirit meaning thought recognizing itself as both thought and as object.
Nature of Logic and Perception What is the nature of logic and perception? The first step is to discover the meaning of logic and perception to understand the nature and how it relates to critical thinking. According to Dictionary.com Unabridged, the meaning of logic is “the system or principles of reasoning applicable to any branch of knowledge or study (2006).” According to The American Heritage Dictionary, the meaning of perception is “insight, intuition, or knowledge gained by perceiving (2006).” Continuing on is my experience with how my perception of a reality situation was far from the actual reality, what I thought was going on, what was truly going on, why there was a difference, what I learned, and how my critical thinking process changed.
The two great philosophic figures, Socrates and Martin Luther King Junior, each argue for a different definition of the relationship between the individual and the law.