The Significance of Socialization

Socialization is significant to individuals and society in many ways. Firstly, it is through the process of Socialization, as Otite and Ogionwo (1979) have rightly argued, that human beings who are biological beings become socially human. Socialization ensure the continuity of society or it persistence over time due to inculcation into its members of the essential values and norms necessary for its survival and development. It is through Socialization that individuals and groups are assigned specific roles e.g., men and women in the society and they will continue to perform their various responsibilities or duties. It further serves to standardise the acceptable patterns of behaviours in most societies and among the individuals and corporate groups in existence.

Socialization process also serves the function of providing the members of society with appropriate skills and knowledge for performing future roles e.g., training of people in formal institutude such as schools, colleges, vocationals institutions etc. New members of the society are often Socialized into accepting the moral code of society, the basis upon which the society survives; without moral regulation, most societies are likely to fall apart. Finally, it is through Socialization that every member of the society is provided with his or her personality. It should, however, be noted that consequences of the Socialization process may also prevail resulting in deviant behaviours, including criminality, among individuals and groups in society.