The fundamental philosophies surrounding the purpose of sentencing are retribution, deterrence, incapacitation, and rehabilitation. The first of these things is again, retribution. Retribution is what people is deserved of a guilty party when a crime is committed. As stated in the text of chapter 10 of our required reading, “a wrongdoer who has freely chosen to violate society’s rules must be punished for the infraction.” “Retribution relies on the principle of just deserts, which holds that the severity of the punishment must be in proportion to the severity of the crime.” The second purpose listed is deterrence.