The definition of child abuse can vary greatly. Some view abuse as an actual serious injury sustained to a child. While others, have a broader definition of the intent to harm the child, physically or verbally. Alfred Kadushin and Judith Martin summarize child abuse as; physical abuse, malnourishment, denial of essential medical care, failure to attend school regularly, exploitation or overwork, sexual abuse, exposure to unwholesome or demoralizing circumstances, and in some cases emotional abuse and neglect involving denial of the normal experiences that permit a child to feel loved, wanted, secure, and worthy.